Freedom of Belief in Yemen – A Survey of Theory and Practice from 1990 – 2023

Freedom of belief is one of the most basic human rights. It gives the individual the freedom to choose what he wants to believe in, and allows him to practice his religion or beliefs freely without interference from any external party. This freedom is essential for peaceful coexistence between human beings, as every person can follow his religion or beliefs without being subjected to harassment or discrimination. Freedom of belief is defined as a fundamental human right recognized by many international constitutions and charters, and it states that freedom of belief means1: “The right of every person to choose what he believes or does not believe in, and to practice this belief without being coerced or threatened with punishment.”

Freedom of belief also involves the right to change one’s beliefs and convert to a different religion or concept. It should be noted that significant constraints on freedom of belief exist, particularly when it comes to exercising religious beliefs that may contradict with state legislation or pose a threat to public security. This means that freedom of belief faces significant obstacles in various countries and cultures, where people may be pressured by governments, institutions, or individuals to change their beliefs or adopt new beliefs. This is incompatible with the individual’s right to think and believe freely, as well as to make proper judgments for himself. As a result, governments and organizations must protect freedom of belief and provide an environment in which individuals can freely exercise their beliefs without fear of harassment or intimidation.

This report aims to shed light on freedom of belief in the Republic of Yemen with regard to the international, regional, and national laws, and to clarify the extent of the Republic of Yemen’s commitment to those laws and the developments that have taken place with regard to the right to believe in the Republic of Yemen.

An Arabic copy can be found at:

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